Most of the software installed via APT, Debian's package management system, runs perfectly fine without any reason to complain. In some rare cases however, you might find yourself unsatisfied with a package and have the itch to recompile it. For me, Debian's package for the Vim text editor is one of these cases - the package available in the repositories was compiled without support for the Perl interface. Of course, one could just visit vim.org, download the latest sources for Vim, check the build requirements and install the missing libraries manually, call ./configure with the correct parameters, compile the program and finally install it. Apart from being a quiet cumbersome procedure, APT would not include this version of Vim into its database. So, there has to be a better way to do this, and indeed, there is one.
First of all, two packages and their dependencies are required for the next steps - build-essential and devscripts. They should be available in the repositories and can be installed as usual:
su root -c "apt-get install build-essential devscripts"
Once this is done, we'll change to our developer directory and download the sources for Vim as well as the build dependencies.
mkdir -p ~/devel cd ~/devel apt-get source vim apt-get build-dep vim
When this is finished, a new directory ~/devel/vim-*VERSION*/ should contain the sources for Vim as well as Debian specific patches/configurations. Now, one could do all kinds of changes tho Vim's source code, but we just want to to modify a configuration parameter. This is done by editing the debin/rules file, which contains the default configure flags for the package. The flags defined here are passed to the configure script during the build process. The Perl interface can be enabled by swapping a parameter from --disable-perlinterp to --enable-perlinterp. Thereafter, you just need to invoke the following command and wait until the compilation process is finished:
debuild -us -uc
If no errors occurred, you'll find several *.deb files inside your ~/devel directory. To install Vim, just pick vim-*VERSION*_*ARCH*.deb and install it via dpkg, e.g. on my box:
su root -c "dpkg -i vim_7.3.547-4_amd64.deb"
vim --version should now show +perl instead of -perl, and :perldo is finally available. ;)